Tuberculosis is a contagious disease that is spread from person to person through the air by droplets from the respiratory tract containing the TB germs (tubercle bacilli), which are coughed up by a person who has active, pulmonary (lung) TB disease. TB disease may also affect other parts of the body such as the bones and joints.
Signs and symptoms of active TB disease:
A person with active TB disease may have fever, night sweats, chest pain, prolonged productive cough and sometimes may cough up blood. The person may also have weight loss, loss of appetite, and become tired very easily.
Tuberculosis has become the number one cause of death by an infectious disease, surpassing HIV/Aids, with 4,400 victims each day worldwide.
Tuberculosis still exists in Larimer County. Since 2005, 30 individuals with tuberculosis disease have been diagnosed and treated in Larimer County. Of the 30 diagnosed TB cases in Larimer County over the past 10 years, 83% were foreign born. Birth in a high to moderate risk country for tuberculosis remains the strongest risk factor for developing active TB disease in Colorado, followed by diabetes.