Restaurant Inspection Database

Violation Explanation

Official Report Wording, Item #35

PEST CONTROL

1. Evidence of rodents. (10 pts.)

2. Evidence of insects. (10 pts.)

3. Pest control & pesticide application. (10 pts.)

4. Prohibited animals. (5 pts.)

PUBLIC HEALTH REASON

1. Rodents such as mice and rats live in and feed on garbage and refuse. Disease-causing microorganisms are therefore often present on their hair, in their feces and urine. Microorganisms can be transmitted to people when rodents come into contact with food and food contact surfaces causing contamination.

2. Insects breed in and feed on garbage, refuse and sewage. Disease-causing microorganisms are therefore often present on their body hairs and mouth parts. Microorganisms can be transmitted to people when insects land on and contaminate food and utensils.

3. Effective and approved measures must be taken to control insects, rodents, and other pests that may get into food establishments. Effective pest management includes: preventing entry of pests into the establishment by providing tight fitting doors and thresholds and keeping doors closed; sealing off any cracks or openings in foundations or around utility penetrations; depriving pests of food, water and shelter by keeping premises clean and free of food and refuse accumulation; and removing pests that are present with the use of traps or pesticides.

Only approved pesticides that are registered for application in food establishments can be applied. All pesticides must be used according to label directions. Rodent baits must be contained and dispensed from closed, tamper proof bait stations. Open bait stations and tracking powder pesticides are not approved due to pests tracking the pesticides throughout the food establishment and ultimately contaminating food and food contact surfaces. Insect electrocution devices or fly strips located above food or food contact surfaces, can result in dead insects or insect parts contaminating food.

4. Animals can carry disease-causing microorganisms that can be transmitted to humans through direct or indirect contamination of food and food contact surfaces. They shed hair continuously and may deposit liquid or fecal waste creating the need for vigilance and more frequent and rigorous cleaning efforts. Live animals are not allowed in food establishments unless providing a service. As of March 15, 2011, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) only recognizes trained dogs and miniature ponies as service animals. These service animals must be trained to do work or perform tasks for people with disabilities. Service animals are allowed to accompany blind, visual or hearing impaired or otherwise disabled persons in whatever areas customers are generally allowed. Animals whose sole function is to provide comfort or emotional support do not qualify as service animals under the ADA. Service animals are not required to wear special collars or harnesses, or be licensed or certified as such. Food operators are required to make a determination as to whether an animal brought into their establishment is truly a service animal. Operators should limit inquiries to asking if the animal is a service animal and what task or service has the animal been trained to perform.

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